only search B.P. Lama Jyotisha
bpl_jyotisha_logo3.gif

ganesha_black.jpg


Politics

Writers

Divinity and Doctrine


India_Imperial_1887-1947.png

india_flag.gif

IndiaEmblem_SatyamevaJayate.png


born seven months after

born 6 months before


colleague and mentor of

treated with derision by

philosophical guide of

Mahatma.jpg


India-Africa civil rights champion

attorney

social-change activist,

community organizer

Guru of Satyagraha

Mahatma

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

Earthbody-Entry Saturday-02-Oct-1869

Earthbody-Exit 30-Jan-1948 (assassinated, age 78)

"I believe that Gandhi's views were the most enlightened of all the political men of our time. We should strive to do things in his spirit: not to use violence for fighting for our cause, but by non-participation of anything you believe is evil." ~~ Theory of Relativity 1879-1955 Physics Albert Einstein

"It is alarming and also nauseating to see Mr Gandhi, a seditious Middle Temple lawyer, now posing as a fakir of a type well known in the East, striding half-naked up the steps of the Vice-regal palace....to parley on equal terms with the representative of the King-Emperor." ~~ UK-PM Finest Hour 1874-1965 Winston Churchill

"Only God is truth. I am a human being. Truth for me is changing every day. My commitment must be to truth, not to consistency." ~~ Satyagraha 1869-1948 Mahatma Mohandas Gandhi

Gandhi_Mohandas_09h10m_d1d9d10.png

Champion of Human Rights and Civil Rights in South Africa and India * 1869 - 1949 * Satyagraha 1869-1948 Mahatma Mohandas Gandhi

Birth data from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahatma_Gandhi * tentatively rectified by BP Lama

charts, graphs and tables produced by Shri Jyoti Star * adapted by BP Lama


see also Shri BV Raman's version of this nativity in Notable Horoscopes, p.226

Rising Nakshatra

Masculine Nativities

Visaka * Radha


BPL commentary

For Visaka fellows, the condition of prosperous, preaching, inclusive, broad-scope, philosophical, humanistic Brihaspati may considerably affect the outcome. Masculine births under auspice of Puna, Visaka, or Purvabhadra may find that their worldview is greatly shaped by the character of priestly teachers and guides.

Teachers, preachers, professors, patrons, agents of generosity and guidance, guru-figures, ideologues, indoctrinators, theorists, know-it-alls, proselytes, philosophers, pontificators, patriarchs, pundits, pater-nosters, proponents of principled understanding, wise-ones, wizards, druids, and paradigms of belief may be especially influential.

Guided by patrons from the civilizations of Saka. Their purpose is facilitation of shocking insights by lightning-strike and expansive growth by root-splitting..

High forehead. Saptarishi-ruled births come equipped with a global perspective. The majority of Visaka nativities are higher dimensional Seva-wanderers who assume guidance roles.


Thula-Vanika pada 1-2-3 expresses Saptarishi's rulership of 3-Writing-commerce + 6-service ministry or victimhood. Pada 1-2-3 also evoke the tension between Zukra's one-to-one relationships versus Guru's one-to-many preachings. Pada 1-2-3 have a broad understanding of the explosive growth-power of extreme polarities. They are often found in advisor roles (Zukra) which engage overview, ideology, theory, or interpretive paradigm (Guru) . Masculine pada 1-2-3 are both famed and feared for their ability to expand conflict or worsen disease condition as a way to super-polarize the toxic situation en-route to an envisioned state of peace.

Pada 1-2-3 are easier for women who can utilize Zukra's balancing skills. For men, diplomatic constraints tend to frustrate their expansive growth patterns. Also, although the priestly teachers are seeking wisdom, for Thula-Visaka the guru-figures may also be impoverished, blaming, polluted, or sick (due to Guru rules 3-6).

Vrischika Pada-4 emphasizes Guru's rulership of 2-affluence, collections ++ 5-creativity, entitlement. Pada 4 enjoys the spirited compatibility between Guru's optimism + Kuja's kinetic movement. Pada-4 has a broad understanding of the ultimate power of transformative beliefs. Pada-4 are often found in teaching and healing work, especially with the sexual-reproductive energies. They also work with explosive-expansive forces such as dynamite and lightning.

Themes of shocking growth via beliefs, widening expansion via root-splitting, and fertilization via jolts of electromagnetic shakti may contextualize Visaka's terrestrial experience. Applies also to Chandra in Visaka

QUOTATION from Shil-Ponde. (1939). Hindu Astrology Joytisha-Shastra . p 97.


"... Aggressiveness and impatience.

These people are overbearing in their desire to get things done.

They are very active but not popular,

  • since their manner causes people to actively dislike them

  • and to resent their extreme aggressiveness.

they are very proud

  • and because of this, they take offense easily at some fancied slight.

their anger makes enemies of people who might cooperate with them, if treated differently.

they will overcome their enemies through sheer force of character,

  • but such people will still remain enemies .

Tact and kindness are qualities which they should try to develop."


GandhiMohandas_1893.jpg

Mohandas Gandhi the Barrister in 1893

Biographical events matched to the Vimshottari Dasha


GandhiMohandas_wiki.PNG


GandhiKasturbai_adult.PNG

Budha Mahadasha * age birth until age 1.1

02-Oct-1869 Earth-birth in Porbandar, Gurjarat, India * Budha-Shani chidradasha


Ketu Mahadasha * age 1.1 until age 8.1

Zukra Mahadasha * age 8.1 until age 28.1

May-1883 (his age 13) marriage to Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia (her age 14) * Zukra-Chandra bhukti * Chandra rules swamsha

1885 (MKG age 16) grieved the decease of father * Zukra-Rahu bhukti

23-Aug-1888 celebrated the birth of child-1 (an earlier child had died) Harilal Gandhi * Zukra-Guru bhukti

04-Sep-1888 (MKG age 18) sailed from India to attend law training in England * Zukra-Guru bhukti

Mar-1891 joins the Blavatsky Lodge of the London Theosophical Society operated by Secret Doctrine 1831-1891 Theosophy Helena Blavatsky * Zukra-Shani bhukti

June-1891 called to the bar (passed the law exam) in London and returns to India * Zukra-Shani bhukti

1891 decease of mother (Mohandas' age 22) * Zukra-Shani bhukti * matrimaraka Shani rules 7th-from-Chandra

April 1893 following professional failure in India, goes to South Africa as attorney for shipping company * Zukra-Shani bhukti


Surya Mahadasha * age 28.1 until age 34.1

1900 during the Boer War, organized the Natal Indian Ambulance Corps to retrieve wounded soldiers from the battlefields and bring them by stretcher to medical care, often over difficult terrain * Surya-Guru bhukti * Guru-6 medical environment + Guru rules 5-politics


Chandra Mahadasha * age 34.1 until age 44.1

1906 organizes the racially mixed ambulance corps serving both sides of wounded in SoAfrica's British-Zulu war * Chandra-Rahu bhukti

1906 foundational development of the Satyagraha nonviolent protest doctrine * Chandra-Rahu bhukti * Rahu-9 ideology, principles of belief

1909 publication of Hind Swaraj * Chandra-Shani bhukti * Shani rules 3-publication

1910 Gandhi creates an idealistic social community in South Africa called Tolstoy Farm * Chandra-Budha bhukti * Budha-12 rules 11-community


Mangala Mahadasha * age 44.1 until age 51.1

1915 returns to India by invitation of nationalists, carrying a reputation for principled social activism * Mangala-Rahu bhukti * Rahu-9 ideology, principles of belief

1917 successful power change in the Champaran agitation in Bihar * Mangala-Budha bhukti * Budha-12 communications rules 8- revolution

1919 begins the Khilafat (Caliphate) cooperative strategy to gain Muslim participation * Mangala-Surya bhukti * Surya-11 communities rules 10-leadership


Rahu Mahadasha * age 51.1 until age 69.1

1920 assumes leadership of the Indian National Congress. Begin era of civil disobedience * Rahu-Rahu swabhukti * Rahu-9 doctrine, cultural mixing

1922 collapse of the Khalifat movement creates dramatic increase in Hindu-Muslim violence * Rahu-Rahu swabhukti * Rahu-9 doctrine, cultural mixing

18-Mar-1922 begins prison sentence for sedition * Rahu-Rahu swabhukti * Rahu-9 doctrine, cultural mixing

1924 early release from prison * Rahu-Guru bhukti * Guru rules 12th-from-6th dissolution of animosity, release from jail

26-Jan-1930 Indian National Congress declares Independence from British colonial rulers * Rahu-Budha bhukti * Budha-12 communications rules 8- revolution

Mar-Apr 1930 Salt March to the sea, followed by British govt incarcerating 60K Indians * Rahu-Budha bhukti * Budha-12 communications rules 8- revolution


Guru mahadasha * age 69.1 until age decease age 78

1939 Quit India platform * Guru-Guru swabhukti * Guru rules 2-speech-values + 5-politics, gaming, intelligence

1942 Quit India speech results in 1 2-year imprisonment. Gandhi continues to direct the independence movement from within the prison * Guru-Shani bhukti * Shani rules 3-communications management + 4-patriotism

22-Feb-1944 grieved decease of wife Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia while she suffered imprisonment * Guru-Budha bhukti * Budha rules 2nd-from-7th widowhood

6-May-1944 released from prison in poor health. Gandhi directs the cessation of Resistance, 100K prisoners are released, and the long-imprisoned Congress party leadership is restored * Guru-Budha bhukti * Budha rules 12th-from-12th dissolution of imprisonment * Budha rules 8-transformation + 11 community linkage

15-Aug-1947 Independence with legal Partition of India, followed by widespread, deadly religious riots * Guru-Zukra bhukti

30-Jan-1948 Lightbody Lift-off assassinated by gunshot of a Hindu Nationalist (age 78) * Guru-Zukra bhukti

Distinctive features of the nativity


Gandhi_Mohandas_1931.jpg


Surya * pitrikaraka * jyotikaraka Gandhi_Mohandas_.jpg

  • Surya-Kanya * Poshanya * Pushna * the nourisher
  • Surya in bhava-11 * center of community, brightly earning, intelligence for networks, focus on economy, revenue entitlements, distributed light, eye on friendships * sparkling center of social-economic drama

Surya occupies the administrative, managerial, process-oriented, collaborative, committee-cohort 3rd-from-Chandra

FATHER

Dad served as an office clerk, problem-solver, and community agent, then as diwan. Dad died when the Mahatma was 15.


Chandra * matrikaraka * garha-karaka

  • Chandra-Karkata * swakshetra * comforted by culturally familiar, rhythmic tidal maternal soothing
  • Chandra in Azlesa--Naga comforted by restraining embrace * protector of defensive communications, familiar folk messages, emotional evangelism, signaling ethno-cultural boundaries
  • Chandra in classroom-9 * comfort in the paradigm of belief, familiar with philosophy, soothed by ethic doctrines, humanistic view, globalism
  • Somana-yuti-Rahu * Emotionally expedient, sensitive to exotic figures, needs exciting opportunities, soothed by unusual environments, undulating desires, craves nurturing, feels exceptional

career the emotionally dignified , social-ordering, leadership-seeking; 10th-from-Chandra contains Guru-Mesha-6 wars, conflicts, feuds

Gandhi was trained as a solicitor (Barrister, attorney) in London - in the belly of the beast legally speaking - and thus he was exquisitely well positioned to handle skillfully an incarnation which promised an endless volley of argument and accusation, significant poverty due to religious and philosophical convictions (Guru)

Atmakaraka = Chandra = patriotism

  • Dharmesha-9 Chandra = yuti the great amplifier Rahu, located in bhava-9 = high-profile theological guidance role, association with foreigners, cultural roots into Mother-homeland

  • No drishti upon Somana-yuti-Rahu-9


Kuja * bhratru-karaka * virya-karaka

lagnesha

Harsha Yoga * Kuja rules-6 + Kuja occupies-12

Kuja rules the career-defining 10th-navamsha * yet navamsha-10 contains Ketu-Mesha, suggesting a spiritualized eccentricity and disconnectedness from leadership roles

  • Mangala-Thula * vigorous pursuit of alliance * proactive negotiations * push toward bargained agreement * champion of fair contracts
  • Mangala in bhava-12 * drive toward privacy, pursuit of inner guidance, invaders from distant lands, hyperactive ancestors, seeking sanctuary, clairsentient dynamics, energized invisible conquests, phantoms of aggressive competition, innovative research, progressive action in distant lands, imaginative discovery
  • Kuja-yuti-Budha * energized communication, dynamic reporting, masculine force joins messaging signal, potential for aggressive gestures, speech, and writing
  • Kuja-yuti-Zukra * dual sexuality, energized bargaining, dynamic trading, masculine force joins feminine allure, potential for aggressive mating, partnering actions, innovative arrangements, potential for aggressive mating, partnering actions

Kuja occupies the emotionally stable, protected, schooled, comfortable, customary 4th-from-Chandra

Gandhi was a veritable icon of persistent (Mangala) negotiation (Thula). He remained grounded in the defensive, culturally-rooted, routine-loving, patriotic, nationalistic, comfort-seeking, home-loving, foundational, property-owning 4th-from-Chandra. He never lost his good manners and never failed to express appreciation for the interests and experiences of the opposing party.


Budha * bandhava-karaka * zisya-karaka

Sarala Yoga* Budha rules-8 occupies-12

  • Budha-Thula * articulation of contracts, equable arrangements, balanced designs, agreeable pronouncements, messages about negotiation and parity, equable arrangements, balanced designs
  • Budha in bhava-12 * narrative of sanctuary, hermitage, quietude, interior spiritual guidance * describe reflective contemplation, discusses the astral inner terrain, explainer of private prayer, delivers instructions for communication with distant worlds, talks about clairsentience, dreams, and visions
  • Budha-yuti-Mangala * explainer of competitive energies * affinity for engineering, invasive, exploratory roles expressing skills of communication, explanation, description, instruction *articulator of competitive energies, signals forward action, message of innovation and forward movement, outspoken, fraternal conversations, aggressive communications, talkative brother-figures
  • Budha-yuti-Zukra * explainer of balanced arrangements * affinity for diplomatic, parity-seeking roles expressing skills of communication, explanation, description, instruction * explainer of balanced arrangements, articulation of equity in agreements, message of justice and fairly bargained contracts; songwriting , chatty partners, talkative sister-cousin-cohort, lyricist

Budha occupies the emotionally stable, protected, schooled, comfortable, customary 4th-from-Chandra


Guru * dhavakaraka * bahuta-karaka

  • Guru-Meza * much movement, philosophy of direct movement, many competitions, pioneering beliefs, doctrine of conquest, innovative guidance, expands the scope of championship, multiple engineers and athletes
  • Guru in bhava-6 * much ministry of service, many ailments and physicians, much medication, abundant digestive imbalance, many grievances, numerous accusations, , extensive animosity and distress

Guru rules Karakamsha Meena-5 politics, intelligence, creativity, confidence

Guru-6 ruler of 2 causes conflicts about food family lineage (2) and religion (Guru)

  • Gandhi's family suffered a deep fear that he would be incurably polluted and lose his caste by traveling outside India where he would surely eat impure food.) He was excommunicated by a caste leader in Mumbai on this account, because he had already asserted his intention to live for several years in horribly unclean conditions of London while completing his law degree.

Gaja Kesari Yoga - double power Chandra and Guru in kendra to lagna

drishti upon Guru-6 sent by Kuja, Surya, Budha = strong emotional attachment to the role of conflict manager (6)

Guru ruling Visaka lagna has a tolerance for shock, usdden attack, warfare, lightning-strikes

  • "Morality is contraband in war." ~~ M. K. Gandhi. Non-Violence in Peace and War , vol. 1, ch. 268 (1942) www.gandhiserve.org

Guru Mahadasha

  • age 69-78 (decease) = 1939 - 1948

  • era of peak worldwide reputation and respect at a time of great conflict Guru-6 conflict Mesha bloodlines, invasions = occupies the emotionally dignified , social-ordering, leadership-seeking; 10th-from-Chandra

  • Guru occupies bhava-6 suggesting a multiplication of health challenges, enemies, accusations, remedies for injury, victims, exploitation, disagreement, and criminal litigations illness, poverty, and fighting manifested is a spectacular variety of forms.

  • Brihaspati rules 2-5 from Vrischika lagna ++ 6-9 from Azlesa Chandra-Rahu

  • Guru-6 brings large-scale conflicts
  • Guru rules Meena-5 politics Karakamsha . Radix Meena = bhava-6 = social conflict.

1939 as WW-2 breaks out in Europe, and India gets dragged into the war by its ruler Britain, without a national vote of its own. Gandhi designs and asserts the Quit India platform as the only remaining solution to the extensive problems created during centuries of British colonial injustice.


Zukra * svadhu-karaka * kalatra-karaka

  • Zukra-Vanika * swakshetra * appreciation of negotiation, pleasures of harmonious arrangements, aesthetic of equity, fair deal
  • Zukra-12 * pleasure of imagination * enjoys spiritually guided partnership *, intuitive feminine-figures* agreeable sleep * visions of harmony and beauty * aesthetic designs to adorn the feet * appreciation of distant lands * seeks interior balance
  • Zukra-yuti-Mangala * sweetened conquests, gracious competition, appreciation for pioneering innovation, proactive negotiations, musical brother-figure, competitive contracts
  • Zukra-yuti-Budha * sweetened messages, gracious explanations, singing and songwriting, articulate negotiations, sibling-cohort communicative arrangements, youthful beauty

Zukra occupies the emotionally stable, protected, schooled, comfortable, customary 4th-from-Chandra

Justice-seeking Zukra in shocking Visaka

  • "An unjust law is itself a species of violence. Arrest for its breach is more so." ~~ M. K. Gandhi. Non-Violence in Peace and War , vol. 2, ch. 150 (1949) www.gandhiserve.org

Zukra vyayapathi ++ bhava-12 contains Budha-yuti-Mangala

  • Papa-kartari yoga = three graha in 12 indicating prison, distant lands, and meditation = hemmed in by Surya-11 + Shani-1 .
  • Zukra rules bhava-12 = Arudha of Karma Bhava = Karmaa Pada = public impression imagery of leadership authority is framed in retreat, sanctuary, meditation, private guidance, behind-the-scenes energies

Zukra = equity, mutuality, and fairness in dealings

The communicative and active abilities of Budha and Mangala are guided by negotiating, adjusting, balanced, equable, justice-seeking Zukra. However with all three of these skilled negotiators residing in bhava-12, most of the detailed bargaining work is conducted invisibly, behind-the-scenes.

Satygraha 1869-1948 Mahatma Mohandas Gandhi was never afraid to say what needed to be said, and to whomever the message needed to be addressed, regardless of their rank or level of worldly power.

At birth, the bala (weight) of Gandhi's Zukra would have shown his family's Jyotisha-adviser that this child was destined for some role in negotiation of trade and judicial settlements. Also it would be clear that the child's path while bumpy at times (Shani-1 obstacles) would ultimately be a success for society. Gandhi's law practice (Zukra) failed commercially, but his life was a brilliant success for social justice causes around the world. The higher calling of Zukra = optimal: fairness for all parties


Shani * duro-karaka * jara-karaka

  • Shani-Vrizchika * heavy old secrets * obliged to uncover the camouflaged realities of mass transformation * pressured to regulate the flow of occult identity changes * must explore masked trauma * vital energy compression stress zone = genitals-anus * strictly imposed rules for confidential matters must be respected * must materialize dangerous hidden knowledge * must regulate the threat of disaster * must work with tightly regulated conditions of emergency * must accept the conventional methods of rigidly slow elder shamans * sustained conditions of proletarian revolution * must engage in continued discovery despite scarce available resources
  • Shani in Bhava-1 * Structured, orderly, time-conscious personality. One must act under pressure, have to move but slowly, push forward against stiff limitations; cautious, conventional identity; tense competition, muscular fatigue, chronic impeded movement, seizures and cramps. Heavy legacy pressure against free movement. Resistance to new ideas and direct action. Resentment toward constriction of physical appearance. Support for socially-approved dutiful roles, conventionalized identity, and conduct befitting an elder.

Shani -2occupies the emotionally political, dramatic, game-playing, creative 5th-from-Chandra

Disciplining, mature, sober Shani drishti upon

  • bhava-3 communications, announcements, planning
  • bhava-7 alliances, deals, bargains
  • bhava-10 leadership authority, law= austerity in the circumstances of leadership .

Shani-1 simple appearance, frugality, scarcity, brown and dark colour.

Satygraha 1869-1948 Mahatma Mohandas Gandhi wore an iconic uniform of simplest homespun khadi. (Shani). His physical appearance was bony, slender, and plain.

Shani-1 gave Gandhi a workhorse personality (1). Shani induces a fear of scarcity wherever He resides. Typical of Shani-1 folk, Gandhi regularly practiced behaviors which ensured that He was right on the verge of exhausting his reserves of lifeforce physical energy and therefore dying. However despite all the dangers, all the hunger strikes, all the self-deprivation, and all the disease factors emitting from Guru-6, Gandhi lives until age 78 when he was assassinated by gunshot and died within 30 minutes


Rahu * rajyalobha-karaka * picchala-karaka (slippery)

  • Rahu-Karkata * shimmering illusion of security * craving for customary rhythms * risky policing * mirage of home and shelter * mask of ancestral belonging to a habitual place * tantalizing acts of protective defense * over-reaching patriotism * fabulous farms and fisheries * fascinating ethnic routines * marvelous localities * intriguing owned properties * extraordinary cetaceans * seeks special importance via apparent (but perhaps not authentic) attributes of motherliness, nationalism, loyalty to the homeland * seeks privilege via parent-roles
  • Rahu in bhava-9 * passion for philosophy, preaching * in swabhava of Saptarishi Guru, the Shadowy Specter seeks privilege via glamorous or unusual doctrine, theory, dharma, worldview. Rahu-9 desires a thrilling, important guidance role in catechesis, principled discourses of abstract ideas, ideology, philosophy, indoctrination. Extraordinary father-figure, ambitious professors and holy teachers. Thrives in culturally-mixed preaching environments, university, temple, sangha, congregation. Surreptitious attempt to appear as a global, humanistic, ideologically-framed agent of understanding. Rahu the Poseur may pose as a charitable philanthropist, a wisdom-purveyor, a proselyte of principled understanding, a guru-figure, a philosopher, or a globalist humanitarian. Rahu-9 trespasses the cultural boundaries of patronage, fatherhood, paradigm of belief. Exciting, opportunistic third marriage (if any).
  • Chandra-yuti-Rahu * amplified emotion, magnified familiarity exotic habits, tricky comforts, opportunistic mother, fascinating (but perhaps illusory) appearance of sympathetic caretaking, hypnotic rhythms, emotionally attuned to cross-cultural mixing

Rahu amplifies the non-surrendering patterns of Chandra in Azlesa--Naga comforted by restraining embrace * protector of defensive communications, familiar folk messages, emotional evangelism, signaling ethno-cultural boundaries

Rahu in bhava-9 + swakshetra Karkata Chandra = dramatic rise to popular guidance roles, under taboo-breaking, illicit, or culturally irregular (Rahu) circumstances.

Chandra-yuti-Rahu indicates sympathetic affection for polluted outcastes (Rahu Mix-Master), and expedient utilization of that recognizable familiarity to assuage one's own privilege-seeking desire to be recognized as an Important Guidance Figure (Rahu-9)

Rahu Mahadasha * age 51.1 until age 69.1

Rahu-Rahu swabhukti is especially intense for Rahu-9 = , exposing the native 's beliefs, worldview, and philosophical principles to the public eye.

Diverse guidance roles involving Mix-Master mottling interactions with outsiders, foreign elements, Other belief paradigms and doctrines


Ketu * kavandha-karaka * chidra-karaka

  • Ketu-Makara-Draco * dissociates from social authority, incomplete hierarchy, empty rules, dissolute laws, severed execution of duties, not limited by conventions, ignores restriction on rank and status, applies structure to the misty abyss
  • Ketu in classroom-3 * absentee sibling, off-topic communications, disinterested in daily discourse, dissolved messaging boundaries, disregards conventional discussions, eccentric or esoteric modes of writing, irrelevance of the mental narrative. One abandons the management tasks, dismisses the standard explanations, walks away from the usual descriptions.

How Readings Work * Sample Gem Recommendation Report * Seva

Om_mani.jpgfile update:09-Sep-2019

Copyright 1994-2024 by Barbara Pijan Lama * Contact* How to Request a Jyotisha Reading

Barbara Pijan Lama Jyotishavidya Vedic Astrology Surya Sun Chandra Moon Mangala Mars Budha Mercury Guru Jupiter Zukra Venus Shani Saturn Rahu Ketu Graha Planets Dasha Timeline Nakshatra Navamsha Marriage Children Wealth Career Spiritual Wisdom Cycles of re-Death and re-Birth

The information on barbarapijan.com , including all readings and reports, is provided for educational purposes only. Wishing you every happiness and continuing success in studies!

"And now my friends,

all that is true, all that is noble,

all that is just and pure,

all that is loveable and gracious,

whatever is excellent and admirable -

fill all your thoughts with these things."

~~ Epistle to the Philippians 4:8