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Rashi - Samchara - Bhava - Graha - Ratna

Nakshatra - Amsha - Varga

Budha Main Page

Budha occupies 9th-from-Chandra

  1. [Budha in bhava-1] [dikbala]
  2. [Budha in bhava-2]
  3. [Budha in bhava-3] [svabhava]
  4. [Budha in bhava-4]
  5. [Budha in bhava-5]
  6. [Budha in bhava-6] [svabhava]
  7. [Budha in bhava-7]
  8. [Budha in bhava-8]
  9. [Budha in bhava-9]
  10. [Budha in bhava-10]
  11. [Budha in bhava-11]
  12. [Budha in bhava-12]

  1. [Budha-Mesha]
  2. [Budha-Urisha]
  3. [Budha-Mithuna] [svakshetra]
  4. [Budha-Karkata]
  5. [Budha-Simha]
  6. Budha-Kanya] [uchcha] [svakshetra] [mūlatrikoṇa if within 16-20 deg]
  7. [Budha-Tula]
  8. [Budha-Vṛścika}
  9. [Budha-Dhanus]
  10. [Budha-Makara]
  11. [Budha-Kumbha]
  12. [Budha-Meena] [nīcha if within 16-20 deg]


Young scholar in the Mughal Empire, reading and writing a commentary on the Quran. Painted by Mir Sayyid Ali, c. 1559


OM hrim krom aim grhanathaya budhaya svaha

Professor Budha

Parya - Parthya - Pana - Paranaya

विद् vid = declare, inquire, announce, report, explain [wit]

ज्ञ jńa = thinker [said also of Mangala]

बोधन bodhana = instructing, informing; causing to awake, arousing

कुमार kumāra = boy, youth, groom, prince

प्रहर्षुल pra-harṣula = arousing, enrapturing

सोमपुत्र soma-putra = child of Chandra

नक्षत्रपति nakṣatra-pati = nakshatra master

resides in


धर्म dharma = right, nature, character

पितृ pitṛ pittrü = father, forefather

चित्त citta chitta = thought, intelligence

गुरु guru = growth

आचार्य ācārya = teacher

Mercury the Merchant

Merx - Mark - Merch

sMargara - sMarjali

Marketa - Margareta

Ἑρμῆς ὁ Τρισμέγιστος

Mercurius ter Maximus



Odin Woden [Wednesday]


Nabu - Neba




the ninth house



containers of holy scripture, Hong Kong synagogue

"a fool' s chatter is like a load on a journey,

but there is charm to be found upon the lips of the wise."

~~ Book of Sirach, 21:16


Tian Tan Buddha on Lantau Island, Hong Kong

Public Figure Examples


[conserving-entreasuring dhana-pati for Simha indriya-lagna] [gainful-friendly vriddhi-pati for Simha indriya-lagna]

[Double Dhanayoga only for Simha-born] = [ruler of 11 occupies 11th-from-11] ++ [Budha-9 rules 2 + 11] [profits from dominating discussions]

[narrative of competitive father-figure] [dominating ideological viewpoint] [represents the wealth of warrior-chieftains] [communicates about conquest] [solicits patronage for innovative pursuits] [dynamic confessional testimony]

network of wealthy, profitable friends



[energizing-identifying lagnesha for Kanya indriya-lagna] [dutiful-hierarchical karmesha for Kanya indriya-lagna]

check Shukra for defining source of Budha's sensual enriching musical knowledgeable acquisitiveness

[talks about historical beliefs] [pronounces narratives of heritage doctrinal value] [detailed assessment of music-tone-color]

[represents the wealth of tribal chieftains] [publicly identified with paternal legacy] [sonorous confessional testimony]

[calculates the itemized treasury] [delivers storytelling guidance to youth] [exponent of financially principled charity] [father-figure may be banker-financier-musician]



[philosophical-doctrinal dharmesha for Tulā indriya-lagna] [retreating-contemplative vyaya-pati for Tulā indriya-lagna]

[pronounces conversational homilies] [exegetical sermons explain the scriptures] [principled instructions on private prayer]

[talks enthusiasticly about spiritual guidance] [collaborative discussions define the catechesis] [may deliver the dharma in distant lands] [quick pace of descriptive preaching]

[articulate lectures upon business theory] [published pontification upon newsworthy wisdom] [explainer of commercial doctrine] [announces the faith-based convictions] [detailed confessional testimony]

[if Surya-yuti-Budha, chatty self-righteousness about marketplace understanding] [father-figure may be missionary, indoctrinator, youth coach, pilgrimage guide, ideologue, combines business with religion]



[mysterious-revealing randhresha for Vṛścika indriya- lagna] [friendly-economic vriddhi-pati for Vṛścika indriya- lagna]

[delivery of moralistic homilies] [sermons on ethical conduct] [familiar instructions on gainfulness] [rhythmic confessional testimony]

[talks rhythmically about ancient mysteries] [paternalistic discussions refer to hidden patriotic information] [soothing pulse of fatherly preaching]

[lectures parentally upon marketplace theory] [routinely pontificates upon folkways wisdom] [explainer of the customary faith]

[if Surya-yuti-Budha, chatty self-righteousness about principled leadership] [father-figure may be farmer, deacon, pulpiteer,]

[Dhanayoga ruler of 11 occupies 11th-from-11]


[balancing-bargaining yuvati-pati for Dhanus - Haya indriya-lagna] [dutiful-commanding karmesha for Dhanus - Haya indriya-lagna]

[pronounces entitled homilies] [brightly exegetical sermons explain the scriptures] [righteously principled instructions on public duty]

[talks enthusiasticly about contractual obligations] [self-centered discussions define the catechesis] [may deliver the dharma as a celebrated hierarch] [regal certainty informs descriptive preaching] [dramatic confessional testimony]

[intelligent lectures upon international politics] [publishes pontifications upon one's majestic wisdom] [explainer of divine-right doctrine] [augustly announces the faith-based convictions]

[if Surya-yuti-Budha, chatty self-righteousness about creative understanding] [father-figure may be a king, a politician, a governing preacher, an ceremonial leader, a human-rights legislator]

[Budha-Kanya] [uchcha] [svakshetra]

[mūlatrikoṇa if within 16-20 deg = Hasta-3]

[inimical-accusing rogesha for Makara - Draco indriya-lagna] [believing-principled dharmesha for Makara - Draco indriya-lagna]


[creative-political vidya-pati for Kumbha indriya-lagna] [mysterious-discovering randhresha for Kumbha indriya-lagna]

[pronounces diplomatic homilies] [balanced exegetical sermons explain the scriptures] [pleasantly principled instructions on politics]

[talks enthusiasticly about confidential information] [equable discussions define the catechesis] [may deliver the dharma in theatrical fashion] [mysterious arrangements inform descriptive preaching]

[designed lectures upon gaming theory] [publishes pontifications upon agreed wisdom] [explainer of negotiating doctrine] [graciously announces the faith-based convictions] [delightful grand-children] [judicious confessional testimony]

[if Surya-yuti-Budha, chatty self-righteousness about political secrets] [father-figure may be an understanding broker, refined deal-maker, creative middleman]

[Budha in Vṛścika]

[homebound-anchoring bandhesha for Meena indriya-lagna] [bargaining-balancing jaya-pati for Meena indriya-lagna]

[shocking confessional testimony]



[collaborative-communicative sahaja-pati for Mesha indriya-lagna] [inimical-medicating rogesha for Mesha indriya-lagna]

[principled confessional testimony] [ideological announcements]


[collecting-evaluating dhanesha for Urisha indriya-lagna] [witty-creative vidya-pati for Urisha indriya-lagna]

[conventional confessional testimony]


[energizing-identifying lagnesha for Mithuna indriya-lagna] [homebound-anchoring bandesha for Mithuna indriya-lagna]

[popular confessional testimony]

identified with explanations of ideology, philosophy, theories of reality


[Budha-Meena] [nīcha]

[potentially nicha-bhanga if yuti uchcha-Shukra]

[busy-messaging vikrama-pati for Karkata indriya lagna] [retreating-contemplative vyaya-pati for Karkata indriya lagna]

[narrative of intuitive perception] [dreamlike instructions] [abstract confessional testimony] [clairsentient explanations] [father may talk devotionally] [abstract confessional testimony]


theoretically discussing, abstractly articulate, philosophically explanatory, definitively guiding, conceptually gesturing

  • 9 theory, first principles, doctrine, credenda, church, congregation of believers
  • 9-faith, sangha, paradigm of belief, credenda, catechism

articles of faith

nervous aspiration

peddler of principled beliefs

sacred prophecy

scripted beliefs

explanation of paradigmatic belief

ideological articulation

confessional testimony


instructions of the father-figures

Narrative of The Patrons

detailed announcements of father-guru-bishop

patriarchal doctrine

commercial activities of the sangha

study of holy texts

delivery of homilies, or sermons on ethical conduct

sacred technology

ecclesiastical publication

delivers instruction for sacrament

Bantering Budha occupies a svabhava of Brihaspati

narrative of patronage, father-figures, guru-figures

blustering of the bishopric

explanations of the episcopate

scripted articulation of principled worldview

demonstrations of the dharma

talking about theology

preachings of the patriarchy

specific convictions of the faithful

details of sacred doctrine

elements of ideology

conversations of the congregation

pronouncements of the proselytes

speech of the sangha

pontification upon the paradigms of belief

[Budha] argumentative preaching, detailed documented sermons, inspirational writing

Budha occupies 4th and 7th from His svabhava

Budha-9 represents students, pupils, apprentices, disciples [Budha] mastering the Narratives of Philosophy, theory, first principles, Dogma, Ideology, catechesis, credenda, and the Paradigm of Belief

Talking, gesturing, reporting, writing, painting, tool-using, hand-crafting, technology-applying, arguing, criticizing, explaining, instructing, training, short-term, near-goal travel and constantly interacting with others,

  • Way to Wealth 1706-1790 printer ambassador Benjamin Franklin [patriotic-defensive Śrāvaṇa-4] [Surya-yuti-Budha] During second half of the 1700's, Franklin was a mainstay // public intellectual // of the breakaway new American republic. He was a major force in crafting the USA Constitution and organizing the philosophical discourse (Budha-9) of those who believed fervently in its divinely guided Enlightenment principles

Subject content of discussion, debate, and sermonizing may include

  • the objectified narrated experience of global-scope organizations,

  • academic argumentation used in universities and venues of higher learning,

  • descriptive writing in philosophy and metaphysics

  • printing of wisdom-teachings

  • words of the father-figures

  • articulation of patriarchal entitlements

  • instructions of the patrons

  • granting of audience to professor, guru,

  • constituent elements of priestly indoctrination

  • conversations that occur in temples of learning and sacred precincts

  • delivery of higher guidance

  • composition of religious liturgies

  • listing of the principles of sacramental practices

  • theological studies

  • critical examination of sacred texts

Classroom Topics of Bhava-9

As a svabhava of Professor Guru, the classroom of Bhava-9 is not an ideal place for Professor Budha to try to deliver His instructions.

Instruction offered by graha who are operating in the classroom of dharmabhava-9 include: Principles of sacred doctrine, priesthood, philosophy, study of holy scripture, patriarchy, patronage, Guru, father-figures, public spiritual guidance, humanistic and global teachings

Budha gives Business Transactions via articulatory instruments of :

  • catechism, credenda, ideology,

  • sacred teachings and paradigms of belief,

  • instructions of the Father-figures,

  • reports and explanations delivered by spiritual figures, wisdom teachings,

  • explications and interpretations of scripture, sermons,

  • study of hermeneutics,

  • theory of missiology,

  • university teaching

  • recitation of the catechisms,

  • scriptural literacy,

  • professorial tasks,

  • sangha network (9th-from-9th),

  • itineraries of world travel

Guidance Narratives

Benefits the education both the cultural-foundations schooling (4) and the humanistic philosophical temple discourse (9). Budha-9 is able to form discursive and collegial relationships (7) with peers of their own intellectual affinity.

Guru the natural regulator of dharma bhava sees Budha as an enemy therefore as Behari says below there is always some conflict between Budha's commercial practical mentality and the grand wisdom inherent in dharma bhava. Budha is not entirely welcome or completely flourishing in 9 for that reason.

Nevertheless Budha-9 is blessed with high intelligence and is often a superb writer of philosophical and hermeneutic religious texts.


The father may be a know-it-all who very likely knows rather less than he presumes. However, if favorable drishti deepens the typically superficial philosophy of day-to-day Budha, a learned paternal personality can also develop.

Father = internationally active, often world-traveling, but often also immature and penny-pinching due to Budha the adolescent bookkeeper in a bhava which should be controlled by Guru the abundantly generous fully grown parent.

Verbal acuity regarding religion, likes to talk and write about religious subjects and personalities. Excellent for performing rituals, reading texts, and proselytizing.

  • Ring of Fire 1932-2003 rockabilly Johnny Cash [economic-distributive Varuna-3] + [Surya-yuti-Mangala] [9] After his second marriage represented by [uchcha-Guru-2] JC became a vigorous exponent of the Old-Time rural religious convictions espoused by his second wife Old Time Music 1929-2003 comedy June Carter Cash

Not so excellent for contemplative wisdom.

Budha and Guru are not friendly. Broadcasting Budha is an analytical, conversational mentalizer . Professor Guru is a priestly conductor of wisdom through rituals which connect communities of faith.

Budha-9 likes to gather and organize large amounts of information about the faith tradition. Likes to attend teachings and trainings. Propensity to achieve mental discrimination and does learn a great deal at the meta-level, "about" practice details and guru personalities.

Without the support of additional graha in bhava-9, Budha may be simply a talking machine with little substance or content. However, once additional graha begin to contribute substance to the discussion, Budha's explanatory and descriptive skills become empowered articulators of the knowledge contributed by the other graha.

Budha alone in 9 may produce skill in global-scope sales, worldwide marketing outreach employment in an international business corporation, or trainer-teacher work in universities, colleges, and various temples of learning. However, Budha-9 is simply a messenger, not a teacher or a philosopher.

Although a charming conversationalist and interesting public speaker - particularly nice in Kanya-9 or Mithuna-9 - Budha-9 per se has precious little understanding. One may rattle on, pontificating on various matters in a superficially intelligent way that is initially convincing.

Slightly deeper inspection However, May reveal that words are birds for Budha, no matter the vocabulary or the environment.

Because Budha being very much practice oriented, Yet, Bhava-9 contains matters of theory, Budha alone in 9 can produce a deceptively muddled understanding of the relationship between theory and practice.

One is a splendid practitioner of the art. Yet, the "why" questions should be left to more qualified philosophical graha such as Guru. Again this situation of the 'talking head' is remedied when other graha occupy bhava-9.

Remains focused at the mental level, a specialist in ritual practice, always friendly and sincere in religious undertakings but largely unaware of true faith. Budha is an impressionable graha so the outcome of religious behavior depends much on Budha's lord.

Favors happiness through religious cultures which hold scriptural knowledge and systematic instruction in the highest regard.

Budha in bhava-9 is capable of bring extraordinary fortune in areas of Budha's expertise. Explanations, descriptions, diagrams, documentation, and the business activities of product management, sales, advertising etc. are all bless when a beneficially aspected Budha well supported in the varga is born into bhava-9.

  • General Electric 1847-1931 Thomas Alva Edison had atmakaraka dhanapati-2 + vidya-pati-5 Budha-9 exceptionally strong, uttama in Svamsha [navamsha Budha-Kanya-uchcha] ruling navamsha-10, intake drishti of confident and ebullient Guru-1, with no negative drishti while Budha's ruler Shani is very strong in Kumbha-10 yuti vidya-pati-5 Shukra.

  • Edison built a great fortune in the new industry of"electrical infrastructure" via communication [Budha] with customers, investors and government officials. Edison was a master of the spin, and with Rahu-6 he was not afraid to bend the rules of evidence. Although Edison was a practicing engineer in his own right, he did not strictly invent very many of his own products.

  • Rather, Edison's genius was his ability to discuss, describe, and explain the commercial application of ideas and models of numerous other electrical inventors of the time. His pragmatic Budha-Makara was skillfully able to craft packages of several different mechanisms into instantly marketable products [Budha].

  • Despite many failures in his own research (Ketu-12) generally weak business sense (bhratru-pati-3 Chandra in 8) and swiftly diminishing productivity in middle and elder years, Edison's powerful understanding of brand names was far ahead of his time. His alacrity in getting patents and his savvy branding of mixed concepts continued to sell "Edison" electrical products for generations.


Thorncrown Chapel in Arkansas, USA

Philosophical, Ideological, Religious, Theoretical, and Scholarly Discourse

information vs wisdom

Budha (information) an enemy of Professor Guru (wisdom) inhabits the ritual-performance environment of dharma bhava .

At the onset of Budha mahadasha, especially during the Budha svabhukti, the native can"get religion" in the sense of a sudden conversion or remarkable burst of evangelistic enthusiasm for a specific philosophy. In rashi of Shani, the philosophy is orthodox, often rather doctrinaire, seeking social approval more than truth.

  • POTUS-03 Declaration of Independence 1743-1826 Thomas Jefferson was known for telling // tall tales // about his global exploits. These self-flattering adventure stories were set in far away lands, which assured that no one could question their verity.

In rashi of Guru, the evangelist promotes ideology of a broad sweep. Other more grounded graha must be well placed to transform the ideology into a living reality for the world, but if the other graha do exist result might be stunningly liberating

Issues with superficiality and trivializing of wisdom include commercialization of religious discourse and bantering Budha's attempts to explain religious experience from the perspective of ritual technology rather than non-verbal apprehension of the presence of the Divine.

Budha-9 = Typically, a pleasant conversationalist, very accepting of pluralistic society and diversity of culture and opinion, possessed of a philosophical vocabulary and able to accurately label most rituals in behavioral terms. However, this placement is rarely much knowledgeable about matters of sacred truth.

The fundamental concept of sacredness lies so far beneath the normal realm of daily discourse that speedy-processor Budha-9 can easily overlook sacred experience. It is more natural for Budha-9 to talk"about" religious thought in the capacity of a writer, reporter and announcer.

It may be less natural for Budha-9 to encounter presence of the divine in non-verbal experience. Thus the conundrum of the"religious writer" who strives to explain an experience that might have actually escaped Budha's impatient attentions.

Despite Budha-9's programming to discuss, instruct, and explain on topics of * worth-ship * worship and ritual, one may suffer unknowingly from a rather superficial understanding. Budha-9 Typically, apprehends only the choreography of the movements and the verbiage of the liturgy.

A few catch phrases and a general working facility with religious holidays often form the full basis of Budha-9's religious perception. However, one's limitations are rarely recognized and this expert-reporter-teacher goes on about the business [Budha] of moral or ritual instruction with nary a doubt.

Similarly world-travel, with its magnificent capacity to show the path to all-One higher truth

one road equals 1000 schools becomes trivialized into a repetitive, commercially oriented pattern of business junkets. Budha-9 is mainly concerned with making polite conversation and does not (cannot) delve into matters of any greater significance.

Similarly in matters of the university and temple priesthood, Budha's tendency to interpret all of life as an administrative task has a frustrating effect in the bhava of higher knowledge.

Teaching in dharmasthāna, Professor Budha is gifted in matters clerical, administrative, organizational, scheduling, schematics, training, planning, and other information-management tasks. One is particularly skilled in the management of conferences and seminars for purpose of scholarly discourse. Usually the overall literacy particularly the writing skills are impeccable. When Shri Budha occupies His mulatrikona remarkable articulatory powers may be seen in the discursive modes of philosophy, theory, first principles, doctrine, and exegesis of sacred scripture..

Yet some ironies pertain when information-now, quick-witted Budha occupies a hostile territory naturally ruled by Brihaspati, the master of large-scale, comprehensive viewpoints and theory (= view from the eye-of-god). Budha-9 may cheerfully earn higher diplomas in literature, arts and sciences as well as in more technical specialties, without having the least notion of higher wisdom. One may be perceived as a mere parrot of the dogma, unwilling to invest the depth of contemplation needed for deeper understanding. University coursework may apprehended as a stream of commercially mandated busywork. Even so, Budha-9 often succeeds in scholarly publishing and may seem remarkably productive albeit perhaps a bit shallow.

It is not so rare unfortunately to find university "professors " with this placement of Budha in 9 in rashi of Budha or rashi of Shani. Commercialized sections of government-funded "universities " want "trainers " to impose specifically this process of mechanically generated busywork to justify their production of diploma'd "knowledge workers " for the jobs marketplace especially for the ranks of information managers employed by the state.

According to bantering Budha's rashi, one may practice the exercise of inserting data into pre-formatted slots within a variety of operating theories. But the broader personal quest for merger with the divine through sacred knowledge (9), the deeper understanding of human nature produced by acts of compassion (9), and the quest for authentic soul-guidance (9) are often quite lacking.

One may give charitable donation of money, without knowing why, because it seems sensible from a bookkeeping perspective to support an ideological cause financially, but the deeper connection to ritual understanding of sacrifice and sacred traditions of charitable redemption is missing.

Budha-9 is normally quite successful in business, having a natural instinct for international commerce. May form communicative relationships with many learned persons. Professional fields like law and literary scholarship can bring out the best in Budha's capacity for detailed logical disciplinary argumentation especially in university settings. In the extreme cases, where Budha occupies svakshetra in 9 (for Makara-Draco lagna and Tula indriya-lagna)

Ironically these folk appear happy and intelligent on the outside. They enjoy writing, business administration, international commerce, and law. But on the inside, their apprehension of sacred knowledge has been trivialized into a flow of superficial business information, and thereby one's connection to Divine truth may be nearly or completely disabled.

Career during Vimshottari Dasha periods of a graha located in bhava-9 .

There are many beneficial effects from graha located in dharmasthāna-9 including expansion of humanistic perspective, global awareness, and contact with wisdom-figures.

Nevertheless, the 10th-from-9 = bhava-6 indicating disharmony and ailment.

As a result, there may be a temporary experience of conflict in leadership roles, ailments related to job performance, unfair agreements, loss of contract, dissolution of equity, accusations, pollution, or other 6-related phenomena according to the rashi of 6 and any graha residing in 6.

If the karmesha occupies rogasthāna-6, the professional life remains robust, but the career duties tend to emphasize injury, indebtedness, exploitation, or toxicity, inter alia.

Careers in labor relations, social work, medicine, and other ministries of service are usually enhanced by the 6th-angle because these professional are already dedicated to service of the hurting. Their collegial relationship may temporarily suffer somewhat but the overall mission is stable.


Shah Jahan Mosque in Woking, England * built in 1889

Where the Thoughts do Linger

The bhava which is 3rd-from-Budha also creates a "landing pad" upon which the thoughts tend to dwell and linger.

Naturally, if graha occupy this "focus " bhava, the nature of the repeating narrative engagement with those thoughts will adjust according to the character of the tenant graha.

thoughts focus upon third-from-Budha = vriddhi bhava-11

  • The gains of income, associative and distributive networks,
  • opportunity to participate in the marketplace of goods and ideas,
  • goals and achievements,
  • assemblies conventions and fayres,
  • principled social activism, large group movement

  • seeking information on ways to get networked

Das /Behari commentary WRT Budha-9

" ... intellectually capable of discussing spiritual topics with ease, but your personal life is entirely divorced from true spirituality.

You consider worldly position, money, and intellectual discourse

  • As the true measure of life's success; you may observe all the rules of public morality, but your private life needs a great deal of preparation before you can take the direct path towards final release from material bondage.

Pious and sharp.

Interested in yoga and visiting holy places. Glorious.

Exercises overwhelming influence, destroying the wicked. ... Prosperous.

  • ... you observe religious ceremonies; construct wells and gardens: truth loving; ascetic,

  • devoted to father; charitable; eloquent speaker;

  • noted for benevolence and learning.

  • Generous, anxious; sometimes, perverted.

If Budha is malefic, ... vain and less fortunate; if benefic, ... fortunate and devout.

You are wise, live according to religious principles, rich, a good speaker and a holy pilgrim.

  • ... a very active mind, exploring hidden mysteries of life and interested in metaphysics.

Well aspected Budha will give power to concentrate .

Seeking after higher knowledge from heaven to earth and even under water life.

i ngenious and studious mind, love for art, science and literature . Gain through journey, law suits and publication work.

... bent of mind is subjected to the influence of the sign Mercury is posited in. In movable signs, it indicates love of journey; in airy signs, well developed interest in aerial affairs."

[end quote]

The Essential Value of Sacred Texts

Generous Wisdom : Commentaries by His Holiness the Dalai Lama XIV

on the Jatakamala Garland of Birth Stories.

(1992). Tenzin Dorjee (Trans.) Dudjom Rinpoche (Ed.).

" It wouldn't be bad if you didn't have statues,

but it has become indispensable to have Buddhist texts which deal with the structured path to train our mind.

If you have Buddhist texts, read them for yourselves and to friends who visit.

That way you can help others to understand Buddhist ideas.

For instance, it is interesting to read Milarepa's life story and songs.

  • We find in them many enlightening lessons.

  • Buddha's image alone will not purify us of karmic obscuration ....

It is very important to study the scriptures.

  • They are not to be just stacked up on the altar.

  • They must be cultivated in our mind.

...[we] take great interest in having the symbolic representations of Buddha's body, speech and mind.

  • I feel it is more important to acquire and read scriptures , the symbolic representations of his speech.

You can pay homage to them, you can make offerings to them; above all, you should study them."

[end quote]


Jumah Masjid Friday Mosque in Herat, Afghanistan,_Afghanistan.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Friday_Mosque_in_Herat,_Afghanistan.jpg


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